(compiled from Eve and homecooking.com)


  • Egg Replacements:

In baked goods-such as cookies, muffins and quick breads-replace each egg with:
Half a small, ripe, mashed banana
1/4 cup of tofu, blended with the liquid ingredients in the recipe
1/4 cup of unsweetened applesauce, pureed prunes or canned pumpkin

  • Butter:

Substitute canola or safflower oil in baked goods. You can also usually reduce the amount by as much as one-third without affecting taste. Use olive oil for other cooking needs.

  • Baking chocolate (1 oz.)
    Combine 3 tablespoons dry cocoa, 2 teaspoons brown sugar, and 1 tablespoon water
  • Buttermilk (1 cup)

Combine 1 cup milk and 1 tablespoon lemon juice or white distilled vinegar in a small bowl. Let stand 1 minute; proceed with recipe.

  • Cream Cheese

Strain 8 cups yogurt for 1-6 hours, depending on how thick you want your cream cheese. This can be done by putting a piece of white cheesecloth (or a new dishtowel, which can be saved and used for this purpose) in a colander or sifter, and setting it over a pot to drain, separating the curd from the whey. The thick yogurt that remains is a great substitute for cream cheese.

  • Cornstarch

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 2 teaspoons arrowroot starch can be substituted for 1 tablespoon cornstarch.

  • Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar can be substituted for 1 teaspoon baking powder.
Spice Substitutions
Allspice Cinnamon; cassia; dash of nutmeg or mace; or dash of cloves
Aniseed Fennel seed or a few drops anise extract
Cardamom Ginger
Chili Powder Dash bottled hot pepper sauce plus a combination of oregano and cumin
Cinnamon Nutmeg or allspice (use only 1/4 of the amount)
Cloves Allspice; cinnamon; or nutmeg
Cumin Chili powder
Ginger Allspice; cinnamon; mace; or nutmeg
Mace Allspice; cinnamon; ginger; or nutmeg
Nutmeg Cinnamon; ginger; or mace
Saffron Dash turmeric (for color)
Herb Substitutions
Basil Oregano or thyme
Chervil Tarragon or parsley
Chive Green onion; onion; or leek
Cilantro Parsley
Italian Seasoning Blend of any of these: basil, oregano, rosemary, and ground red pepper
Marjoram Basil; thyme; or savory
Mint Basil; marjoram; or rosemary
Oregano Thyme or basil
Parsley Chervil or cilantro
Poultry Seasoning Sage plus a blend of any of these: thyme, marjoram, savory, black pepper, and rosemary
Red Pepper Dash bottled hot pepper sauce or black pepper
Rosemary Thyme; tarragon; or savory
Sage Poultry seasoning; savory; marjoram; or rosemary
Savory Thyme; marjoram; or sage
Tarragon Chervil; dash fennel seed; or dash aniseed
Thyme Basil; marjoram; oregano; or savory
  • Substitutions for Wine and Liquor in Cooking

(Eve: When a recipe calls for some sort of wine or liquor, and it is either not available or not appropriate for use, the following substitutions may be helpful.)
* If the recipe calls for 2 tablespoons Grand Marnier or other orange-flavored liqueur, substitute 2 tablespoons unsweetened orange juice concentrate or 2 tablespoons orange juice and 1/2 teaspoon orange extract.
* For 2 tablespoons Amaretto, substitute ¼ to ½ teaspoon almond extract.
* For 2 tablespoons sherry or bourbon, substitute 1 to 2 teaspoons vanilla extract.
* For 2 tablespoons Kahlua, coffee, or chocolate-flavored liqueur, substitute 1/2 to 1 teaspoon chocolate extract plus 1/2 to 1 teaspoon instant coffee in 2 tablespoons water.
* For 1/4 cup or more of port wine, sweet sherry, brandy, or fruit-flavored liqueur, substitute an equal measure of unsweetened orange, apple or pineapple juice plus 1 teaspoon of corresponding flavored extract or vanilla extract.
* For 1/4 cup or more of white wine, substitute an equal measure of white grape juice or apple juice. (Try also: chicken broth or bouillon, ginger ale, or diluted cider or white wine vinegar.)
* For 1/4 cup or more of red wine, substitute an equal measure of red grape juice or cranberry juice. (Try also: tomato juice, diluted cider or red wine vinegar, beef broth or bullion.)
* Other substitutions include chicken broth, beef broth, vegetable broth, flavored vinegars, fruit juices, and apple cider.

  • More Alcohol Substutions

For beer or ale … try chicken broth, white grape juice or ginger ale.
For rum … use pineapple juice or syrup, flavored with almond extract.
For Kirsch … use syrup or juice from black cherries, raspberries, boysenberries, currants or grapes.
For Cognac … juice from peaches, apricots or pears.
For Cointreau … orange juice or frozen orange juice concentrate.


56 Responses to “Cooking Substitute Encyclopedia”

  1. Elie J. Says:

    LIFE SAVER!!!!!!!
    I go to bording school and love to cook. I offten run out of one thing or another or simply am not alowed to have it. This site has been my #1 “cooking substitute encyclopedia! Thank you so much to everyone who put the time in to make this awsome cooking source!

  2. ed Says:

    this is gonna be the bible page among my bookmarks. thanks!!

  3. Kristan Says:

    Thank you! I’ve printed this out for a handy reference.

  4. elaine Says:

    I have a cookie recipe that requires 1/2 cup bourbon
    what can I substitute for that amount?

  5. Ken Frog Says:

    I never use bourbon, so I’m afraid I can’t help you with that…i think it might also depend on what type of cookie recipe it is…you could maybe use rum or brandy or their substitutes as listed above.

    1. Sharon Says:

      This is not for a cookie recipe, but instead a Roasted Apples and Sweet Potatoes in Honey-bourbon glaze.

  6. Erin Says:

    I need to use cream sherry in a mushroom and ham soup recipe for tonight and can’t find it anywhere…is there anything else I can use???

  7. Junior Says:

    wow! that is really clever. i love the one for cream, cheese. We have tons of yogurt, so I will be using that for sure.

  8. Ken Frog Says:

    works very good in cheesecake, believe it or not.

  9. Terri Says:

    great info thanks

  10. Richard Adams Says:

    I like unsweetened Concord grape juice concentrate dilted to 1 cup less 1 TBSP., then add 1 TBSP. red wine vinegar. Look on-line for the Concord Grape concentrate.

  11. Jen Says:

    I was wondering if I can use Dubonnet instead of sherry in a recipe?
    Thanks, Jen

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  13. Kiay Says:

    The buttermilk substitution works! I use it all the time!

  14. kathy Says:

    thank you

  15. barbara birkett Says:

    For rum substitute, how much pineapple juice and almond extract should I use for 1/2 Cup of rum?

    This site is fantastic. Thank you.

  16. Pam Says:

    I have a wonderful Christmas cookie recipe calling for 1 cup bourbon. We can not use liquor, and I have tried apple juice, which isn’t that great – adds too much sugar. I have had the cookies made with the bourbon and they are fantastic. Most recommendations for substitution add sugar in some way, and make an entirely different cookie. Any ideas?

  17. Ann Says:

    I’m looking for a substitution for castelvetrano olives.

    1. JoAnne Says:

      There is none, a flavor all there own !!

  18. Lisa Says:

    Wow, this is awesome thank you! Saves alot of time, trips to the grocery store and money!

  19. Aemee Says:

    Can I sub dry white wine for apple cider vinegar ? I need half cup…..or will it tase awful?

  20. Maggie Says:

    Can dry white vermouth be substituted for cream sherry in a seafood sauce?

  21. Pamela Wolters Says:

    i am allergic to oranges so i am looking for something i can use instead

  22. Gloria Says:

    Thanks for a great site, I found this site by accident but now it is in my favourites. Just what I needed. I cannot print the full list only the front page of your tips. Gloria

  23. Carol Says:

    I need to substitute 1 scant cup of bourbon, in a fruit cookie recipe.
    How much pineapple juice and/or almond extract should I use?

  24. terry Says:

    thank you, thank you, thank you!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    i needed a sub for brand in my cheesecake and i am going to try the apple juice.

  25. Auntielo Says:

    I want to substitute olives in a crock pot recipe but don’t want to use capers. Any suggestions to replace the saltiness of olives with an ingredient that will withstand a long cooking time?

  26. Jessica Says:

    What can i use as a sub for brandy in my fruit and nut christmas cake?

  27. desiree' du plessis Says:

    If I don’t have cream sherry for a sabayon. What can I use instead.
    The recipe calls for 210ml. Please could you help me with an answer.
    Regards Desiree’ du Plessis

  28. Essie Elwick Says:

    what’s a good substitute for 1/2c of bourbon for brownie truffle balls?

  29. Robin Easter Says:

    This page is amazing! I’m so glad I found it

  30. You saved a recipe for me. Otherwise I wouldn’t been able to finish it and company wouldn’t had dessert.

  31. can you tell me about more tools that you used to cook this 🙂

  32. deb Says:

    thank you so much I love this information!

  33. Nina Sattely Says:

    When my son was home visiting, I made him Beef Burgundy that uses cream of mushroom soup. Now that he’s returned to Switzerland, he can’t find that. Is there a good substitute?

  34. deb Says:

    What can i use in place of sherry in a chicken recipe ? I don’t have any and don’t have time to go and get it !!!

  35. saba Says:

    whats the substitute for marsala wine in tiramisu

  36. […] Cooking Substitute Encyclopedia « The Olive Chef CommunityCooking Substitute Encyclopedia. (compiled from Eve and homecooking.com). Baking. Egg Replacements: In baked goods-such as cookies, muffins and quick … […]

  37. Sadie Corsaro Says:

    I have a recipe that calls for red wine and anise seeds. I don’t always have red wine on hand, what could I use as a substitute for the wine? Thanks.

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  42. nova green Says:

    I made a mistake while cooking a rum butter glaze. I used 2 T of rum extract
    instead of half a t. I added more butter and sugar half as much more. will the
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  43. Kate Says:

    This will be such a big help when I run out of an ingredient in a recipe. Thank you very much!

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  48. Meg Says:

    Substitute for castelvetrano olives

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  51. Dom Ersi Says:

    For 2 tablespoons sherry or bourbon, substitute 1 to 2 teaspoons vanilla extract.

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  53. Sherry Says:

    whats the substitute for one cup chopped pecans to use pecan extract

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